Active Learning with Expected Error Reduction

Active learning has been studied extensively as a method for efficient data col- lection. Among the many approaches in literature, Expected Error Reduction (EER) Roy & McCallum (2001) has been shown to be an effective method for ac- tive learning: select the candidate sample that, in expectation, maximally decreases the error on an unlabeled set. However, EER requires the model to be retrained for every candidate sample and thus has not been widely used for modern deep neural networks due to this large computational cost. In this paper we reformulate EER under the lens of Bayesian active…Apple Machine Learning Research