Integrating Categorical Features in End-To-End ASR

All-neural, end-to-end ASR systems gained rapid interest from the speech recognition community. Such systems convert speech input to text units using a single trainable neural network model. E2E models require large amounts of paired speech text data that is expensive to obtain. The amount of data available varies across different languages and dialects. It is critical to make use of all these data so that both low resource languages and high resource languages can be improved. When we want to deploy an ASR system for a new application domain, the amount of domain specific training data is…Apple Machine Learning Research